The Azimuth Project
Restoration ecology (changes)

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Restoration ecology is defined as (from Wikipedia):

The Society for Ecological Restoration defines ecological restoration as an “intentional activity that initiates or accelerates the recovery of an ecosystem with respect to its health, integrity and sustainability”. The practice of ecological restoration includes wide scope of projects including: erosion control, reforestation, the use of genetically local native species, removal of non-native species and weeds, re-vegetation of disturbed areas, daylighting streams, reintroduction of native species, as well as habitat and range improvement for targeted species. The term “ecological restoration” refers to the practice of the discipline of “restoration ecology”.


Hobbs and Suding describes how restoration ecology has changed over time from linear to nonlinear models due to increased knowledge about ecosystem services and more refined dynamic models. models with feedback. See this (incomplete) table:

Ecosystem modelState relationshipPatternsProcesses
Gradual, continousLinearGradual boundaryLess feedback
ThresholdSigmoidSharp boundaryPos. feedback
Alternative stable stateS-shaped curveSharp boundaryPos. feedback


category: ecology